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Odhad tržního rizika na bází Lévyho modelů a časový horizont


Finance

Odhad tržního rizika na bází Lévyho modelů a časový horizont

Name and surname of author:

Aleš Kresta, Tomáš Tichý

Year:
2012
Volume:
15
Issue:
4
Keywords:
risk measure, Lévy models, copula functions, portfolio
DOI (& full text):
Anotation:
Modeling, measuring, and managing the risk is an inherent part of risk management in financial institutions. For those institutions, that are active at financial markets, the market risk plays a…more
Modeling, measuring, and managing the risk is an inherent part of risk management in financial institutions. For those institutions, that are active at financial markets, the market risk plays a significant role. The market risk arises from unexpected changes of market prices of equities, interest rates, foreign currencies, and commodities. In this paper we apply a popular example of subordinated Lévy models – the variance gamma model – in order to estimate the risk of internationally diversified portfolio. The variance gamma model is applied in order to estimate the marginal distribution of particular risk factors (stock indices and currencies). Then, two examples of ordinary elliptical copula functions are used in order to create the portfolio, ie. dependent returns for particular assets. We assume Gaussian copula function and Student copula functions. While both copula functions are strictly symmetric, the latter one allows us to stress the tails of the portfolio distribution. For comparison purposes, also standard Brownian motion is assumed. In order to assess the quality of both models, basic descriptive statistics of portfolio returns distribution are evaluated and next, the risk measures Value at Risk and Conditional Value at Risk for several distinct significance levels are provided. The calculation is done for one day and twoweeks horizons. We show, that symmetrical copula functions can decrease the advantage of variance gamma model (it provides skewed distribution for the marginals, which cannot be, however, compensated by symmetric copula functions). Moreover, we show that the scaling of one day VaR into 10-days VaR, might be misleading.
Section:
Finance

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