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New Articles – Economics


THE EFFECT OF SECTORAL DIVISION ON GDP PER CAPITA IN THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Peter Burger, Lea Šlampiaková

The presumption that the production structure of an economy is the fundamental determinant of economic performance has been confirmed by previous economic literature. There is growth observed in a country when the production structure is composed of commodities with intense returns (Reinert, 2008; Andreoni & Scazzieri, 2014). Moreover, Andreoni (2014) has noted that the proximate source of innovation is a further source of importance in economic activities with increasing returns. According to Fourastié (1951), sectors are developing along with technological and innovation developments, but not evenly. In the sectoral structure of the national economy of the Slovak Republic, the main focus had been initially on agriculture, fishing and mining, until the industrialisation process began.
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INSTITUTIONAL INVESTOR, ECONOMIC POLICY UNCERTAINTY, AND INNOVATION INVESTMENT: EVIDENCE FROM CHINA

Zhenjiang Dou, Lei Wei, Jingyi Wang

Innovation-driven economic development is a global trend. Specifically, in the Sino-American trade war, the events, such as the suppression of Huawei 5G, knock the alarm bell of independent research and development (R&D) in all countries. Hence, the entire society is aware of the strategic signifikance of corporate innovation and key technologies to the companies and the entire country. Compared with traditional investments, such as fixed assets investment, the Innovation investment is featured by large capital demand, long recycling period, high risk, and others. The interruption of the capital supply chain will generate high adjustment costs and sunk costs (Ju et al., 2013; Gu et al., 2019). As important enterprise managers, institutional investors have become an important force that cannot be ignored in the current capital market.
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QUANTIFYING THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DYNAMICS OF A COUNTRY BASED ON THE LORENZ CURVE

Romualdas Ginevičius, Joanicjusz Nazarko, Dainora Gedvilaitė, Zdzisława Dacko-Pikiewicz

Today market players at all levels, from business operators to countries, strive to be competitive. This aspiration is not passive, and is not only about maintaining current positions. As a result of the global economic development of the world, the growth of global markets forces particular countries to increase the economic scale of the economic growth, otherwise they will lose their positions. The pursuit of an increasing share of international markets becomes the basis for a country’s competitive capacity. Only by keeping pace with the growth of the single market warranty that they remain competitive. Therefore, development becomes a hallmark of competitiveness. In this context, it is important for both science and practice to fully analyse the phenomenon of economic development.
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