Pavel Zdražil, Ivana Kraftová
The dominant determinant of development, in the current economy affected by globalization, is not the quantity of resources, but especially their productivity. Although the productivity is not everything on the way towards the successful economics, as Krugman (1997) pointed out, it is almost everything in the longrun. The premise of favourable development is therefore the effective, efficient and economical use of available resources, whose appropriate structure and rational allocation is the basis for the efficiency of the process of transforming the potential to entering real outputs. On this basis, a country or region is competing with its surroundings, as well as affecting the living conditions and quality of life of the population (Capello et al., 2011).