One of the newer models, the Human Activity Assistance Technology (HAAT), shows that when human enactment encompasses the practice of assistive manoeuvres, the performance depends on some relevant factors related to people, activities, and assistive technology products. In recent centuries, the mandate for the growth of senior medical services that utilize new technologies and support independent living has amplified. Some activities focus on observing and evolving internal autonomy, exclusively for the old and people with infirmities. Many solutions are based on specific technologies such as WLAN connection or Internet of Things (IoT) systems, especially for a humanoid identity for an extensive collection of interior amenities (Baucas et al., 2021). However, complete independence in performing daily tasks and activities is a challenge for people with disabilities, including those with visual impairments. Several studies open up new opportunities by proposing tools, methods, and assistive technologies (AT) to overcome many obstacles.
Anna Vallušová, Ivana Kuráková, Žaneta Lacová
The digitalization of economies and societies has been one of the key elements in the development of countries worldwide for more than 30 years. However, countries differ in their achieved level of digitalization due to distinctions in technical infrastructure development and human capital characteristics. The four countries of the Visegrád region, Czechia, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia, were facing the beginning of the digitalization of their economies (in the 1990s) in the period of their ongoing transition processes from centrally planned to market economies. Thus, the resources for the digitalization of these countries were limited in the last decade of the twentieth century. However, the beginning of the new century was marked by a catching-up process of the V4 countries to the other European Union Member States in all areas of social and economic life, including digitalization aspects.
Francisco Gatica-Neira, Mario Ramos-Maldonado
This work seeks to identify the degree of diffusion of some enabling ICTs for industries in the Chilean productive fabric. Some technologies included here are: Big data, RIFD, Cloud computing, ERP, CRM, SCM and the area of IT security, which are basic elements for the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Data from the Survey on Access and Use of Information and Communication (ICT) in Companies 2018, which were published by the Ministry of Economy of Chile (MINECON, 2020), were used. It should be noted that a part of the total enabling technologies for Industry 4.0 is measured, which are not only focused on software, but also include innovation in electronics, optics and mechatronics. We currently are lacking the sufficiently comprehensive national statistics that allow us to fully follow the phenomenon of adoption of this type of technology.
Martin Zbořil, Vlasta Svatá
Usage of cloud services instead of traditional on-premise resources is a common approach that organizations widely prefer. The COVID-19 situation, even more, highlighted the importance and advantages of cloud computing. The reason is that ‘home-office’ has become a normal and widely adopted way of working in many worldwide organizations. The homeoffice results in the requirements that the data and resources need to be available everywhere over the internet. The target of this article is to identify how the consumption of cloud services differs in the Czech Republic (referred also as ‘Czechia’), Visegrád Group where the Czech Republic is a member and in the European Union in general.Since the adoption of cloud services has an increasing trend, as was described above, the comparison will indicate whether the consumption of the Czech Republic corresponds to the consumption in the countries from Europe.
Olga Revutska, Klára Antlová
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound and immediate impact on humanity and organizations worldwide. Companies were confronted with a challenging business environment and the growing importance of information and communication technologies (ICT). Entities of all sizes have been exposed to the unprecedented virus-driven need to adapt their business models to rapidly changing requirements. It is already evident that the need for speed will not be temporary – digitization, globalization, automation, analytics, and other drivers of change will also accelerate. To recover and thrive in the contemporary volatile and complex world, leaders will have to quickly adapt to the market and socio-psychological alterations. Agile methodology is not a novelty. For decades, the ICT industry has been using it to improve productivity and motivation, enhance product quality, and shorten the time to market.