Vasile Dinu, Mariana Bunea
In the 1970s, Milton Friedman has claimed that: “the only social responsibility of a company is the use of its resources together with the engagement in businesses that are meant to increase the profits, maintaining the rules of the game. This means to engage into an open and free competition, without any abuse or fraud.” And this is how, starting from the 70s, the “rules of the game” were known in business and the responsibility that triggers the community, a responsibility that the companies fully acknowledge and embrace. The corporate social responsibility (CSR) deals with strategies used by companies to develop their business in an ethical way, to respect the relation with the other members of the society. CSR can involve a range of partnerships with the local communities, investments with a real social impact of the corporations (education, art, and environmental
protection), the development of the relations of the companies with the clients, employees and their families.
David Prantl, Michal Mičík
The importance of social media has risen significantly in recent years. The use of social media results in a competitive advantage for companies, thanks to which they can strengthen their relationship with customers (Vendemia 2017; Nacimento & Silveria, 2017; Eger, Mičík, & Řehoř, 2018). Social media can be defined as
on-line applications that allow people to share information and learn from others (Wilson, 2010). Companies are very active on social media. They manage their profiles, invest in advertising and communicate with customers. However, only a small part of online communication about the company is in the hands of the particular company (Huete-Alcocer, 2017). A large percentage of online posts about companies is created directly by users and spread by electronic word of mouth – eWOM (Brown et al., 2007). Such content is referred to as usergenerated content.
Pawel Tadeusz Kazibudzki, Jiří Křupka
Presumably complex systems can be better understood when they are broken down into their constituent elements and structured hierarchically. Then, judgments about these elements can be synthesized on the basis
of their relative importance at each level of the hierarchy into a set of overall priorities. By breaking down a reality into homogenous clusters and subdividing them into smaller ones, it is possible to integrate large amounts of information into the structure of a problém and form a more comprehensive picture of the whole system. There is a decision support methodology (DSM) which conforms to the above prescription. It is called the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and was devised at the Wharton School of Business by Thomas Saaty (1980). Its contemporary applications can be found, for example in Lidinska and Jablonsky (2018), Abdelmaguid and Elrashidy (2016), Kramulová and Jablonský (2016), and Ponis et al. (2015).
This article deals with finding and evaluating the extent of trademark infringements in the field of domain “.cz” (further referred to as Czech domain). Not only in the Czech legal environment, the question of disputes between intellectual property rights (esp. trademarks) and domain names has traditionally been included in the interpretation of information technology law (Polčák et al., 2018; Lloyd, 2011) or internet law (Jansa et al., 2016; Edwards & Waelde, 2009). Trademarks have a number of functions in the market economy that are described in a number of professional publications (e.g. Horáček et al., 2017) and also extended by follow-up judicial practice. The trademark is an important business identifier for entrepreneurs. It reinforces sales of goods and services on the market, therefore, the entrepreneurs invest considerable financial resources into promoting
it (see, for example, Crass et al., 2019). Its basic function is to distinguish the products or services of one trader from the products and services of another and it protects consumers from misleading (Lukose, 2013).
Jana Němcová, Pavla Staňková
According to Tibor Nyitray, President of the Wine Growers’ Union of the Czech Republic, wine is not only a product of nature, but also pleasure and joy, work and entrepreneurship, the result of long-term education and practise, the reason for meetings and association, and finally science and trade. Wine and winegrowing has made considerable progress in the last twenty years. Legislation has improved, the quality of equipment has risen, modern technologies have been developed, and a significant number of wines have obtained remarkable achievements at international competitions. Everything now depends on winemakers. They should not ‘only’ sell the wine that produce, but they should seek to build a good reputation for their products, gain the permanent confidence of consumers, and offer interesting and attractive wines. It is important that they will be more interested in what wines customers want to receive from them, and their aim should be in the first instance to satisfy consumers, and only after sales (Bárta, 2013).