Jalil Heidary Dahooie, Navid Mohammadi, Mehdi Mohammadi, Parisa Shahmohammadi, Zenonas Turskis, Jonas Šaparauskas
Intangible assets play a significant role in other areas, in particular, developing the stratégy and creating a patent portfolio for organizations (Wang, García, Guijarro, & Moya, 2011). In general, innovation can be considered as the engine for developing enterprise competitiveness. To this end, the research and development unit of organizations is focused on inventions and their legal protection (Lee, Park, & Jang, 2015). Today, a significant portion of the assets of organizations is intangible assets (Bishop, 2003). Intellectual property is typically defined as a set of products that are protected under the laws relating to patents, copyrights, trademarks, and trade secrets (Kumar, 1994). Studies show that three main advantages of patents, which add to the importance of their registration, are to encourage the creation of knowledge and innovation, to maintain knowledge in the organization, and to protect identity and characteristics of change (Kumar, 1994).
The concept of space is frequently used as a sort of metaphor, with the aim of referring to a colloquial, intuitive interpretation of space as a kind of location, area, field or scene where events take place. Recognisable research problems stem from the conviction that there is a lack of complex conceptualisation of space as a subject in interdisciplinary perspectives for organisation and management sciences. At the same time, a greater interest in issues of space has arisen in recent years, which have been associated with the increasing importance of globalisation, the network economy, and knowledge in organisations (Taylor & Spicer, 2007). Thus, understanding complex interdisciplinary research in this area is the main motivation of this paper. On an epistemological level, the aim of the paper is to conceptualise space in its different dimensions in relation to
the classical achievements of organisation and management sciences.
Petr Hlaváček, Julius Janáček
In the transitional economies of Central and Eastern Europe after the completion of the privatization process, there was increased pressure to win foreign investment to support the ongoing economic transformation. Countries systematically dealt with the problém of a lack of foreign investments (Švejnar, 2002; Hardy et al., 2011). For this reason, in the Czech Republic and in other post-communist countries an incentive system was created for foreign investors (Ginevičius & Šimelytė, 2011). The aim was to increase the attractiveness of the economy for foreign investors in competition with other countries, which also created their own incentive systems. In the Czech legislation, a foreign investor is defined as a company that establishes or expands its representation as a foreign investor in the host economy, which includes acquiring at least 10% of the share of the assets and/or voting rights in a company.
Ivan Soukal, Jan Draessler
Payment account (PA, in plural PAs), as the most common type of the sight deposit, represents a financial product with the highest market penetration in the European Union (EU). The Czech Republic is not an exception. Finclusion study (The World Bank, 2018) showed that PA account penetration is as high as 81% of all citizens over age 15 in the Czech Republic. EU survey declared the penetration higher by two percent points concerning the population over age 15 in the Czech Republic (TNS opinion & social, 2016). In spite of a minor
methodology difference, such as the inclusion of any financial institution or mobile-moneyservice provider account, it is evident that most of the population possess one or more PAs. EU survey (Eurostat, 2018a) confirmed that most of Czech Republic population aged 16 to 74 actively uses e-banking channel for electronic transactions with a bank for payment or for looking up account information. EU banking regulator acknowledged PA as the most widespread and therefore important retail financial product for EU consumers (European Banking Authority, 2016).
Huamin Li, Xuejing Zhang, Dalia Streimikiene, Zinaida Hipters
As the labor productivity increases, more and more people are spurring the need for leisure tourism. However, due to the limitations of time, budget and other factors, leisure tourism is becoming more and more localized in the region and increasingly fragmented in time. Transportation methods are increasingly inclined to travel by car. The so-called leisure tourism refers to the tourism that people rely on tourism resources, with tourism as the main purpose, with the conditions of tourism facilities, with specific cultural landscapes and service items as the content, leaving the settlements and staying in different places for a certain period of time, sightseeing, entertainment and sightseeing. Crouch (2000) described leisure tourism as that including encounters with place. Encounters with other people and material things, imagination and memory occur in places. The leisure experience brought by leisure tourism is not based on the novel pursuit of sightseeing, but also contributes to the physical restoration of tourists (Lehto, Kirillova, Li, & Wu, 2017).